10 Terms Every Printer Needs to Know

1- CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission):

It is an independent federal regulatory agency, created in 1972 by Congress in enacting the Consumer Product Safety Act. In that law, Congress orders the Commission to “protect the public against unreasonable risks of injury or death associated with consumer products.”

2- CPSIA (Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act):

CPSIA, created in August 2008, focuses on products for children. It is controlled by CSPC. The regulation establishes lead and phthalate restrictions for children’s toys. CPSIA defines children’s toys as consumer products designed or directed by the manufacturer for use by children 12 years of age or younger during play. Clothing worn by children is considered a toy for children.

3- CPSIA Restricted Phthalates:

In children’s toys, each of the following phthalates must be less than 0.1% (<1000 ppm):
• DBP
• DEHP
• BBP

And in childcare articles, the restriction less than 0.1% (<1000 ppm) is also considered for:
• DIDP
• DINP
• DNOP

4- California Proposition 65:

A law enacted in 1986 to protect California citizens, as well as their water sources, chemicals known to cause cancer, or have negative effects on reproduction and birth of children with defects. This law states that a warning label should be affixed to products containing listed chemicals (and periodically updated). This applies to all businesses with more than 10 employees. For example, a toy containing lead must be sold along with a consumer warning, indicating; “Warning: Using this product will be exposed to a chemical that is considered carcinogenic by the State of California.” This regulation does not prohibit the use or commercialization, but requires that the product (containing any chemical listed in Proposition 65) is accompanied by a Warning label

5- CSPA-Washington:

Washington State Child Safety Product Act. It establishes restriction of lead, cadmium and phthalates in children’s products (stricter and covers a wider range of products for children than CPSIA). It also requires notification of the presence of any of the 66 chemicals listed as chemicals of great concern to children (CHCC or Chemical of High Concern for Children).

6- Oeko-tex:

The Oeko-tex Standard 100 is the eco-label in the world’s most recognized textile sector. It is used to identify safety in textile products in accordance with legal requirements and security concepts from different countries.

7- REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical substances):

Regulation of the European Community on chemicals and their safe use (EC 1907/2006) in force since 1 June 2007. REACH regulates the production and use of chemicals and their potential impacts on human health and the environment. It establishes norms to import articles, or material to the European Union.

8- SVHC (Substances of Very High Concern):

List of substances that have been placed on a “candidate list” for the authorization of ECHA, for their particularly dangerous properties. Because of the specific risks associated with these chemicals, REACH imposes controls on them beyond those applicable to conventional chemicals. The list is updated periodically.

9- RSL (Restriction Substances List):

It is the ratio of chemicals, their maximum permissible levels, and the restrictions established by each brand of clothing, corporation or manufacturer of garments, auxiliaries or any other range of chemicals.

10- TSCA:

Inventory of chemicals produced pursuant to Section 8 (b) of the Toxic Substances Control Act promulgated on October 11, 1976 to ensure that chemical substances present in the United States trade do not pose an excessive risk to health And the environment.